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LOCATION GEOGRAPHY AND CLIMATE

High mountains of Bhutan

The tiny land-locked kingdom of Bhutan sits in Eastern Himalayas situated between latitudes 26 45 N to 28 10 N and longitudes 8845E to 9210 E.The landscape is characterized by rugged terrain and steep mountain valleys ranging from 150 meters in the sub-tropical valleys in the southern foothills, through temperate zone to heights exceeding 7000 meters in the alpine regions of the mountains.

The high mountains of Bhutan chill the moist winds blowing from the seas to the south and cause heavy rainfall; some parts of Bhutan receive more than 300 inches of rain in a year. The weather is so stormy that the Bhutanese refer to their country as Druk Yul or the Land of the Thunder Dragon

Although geographically quite small, Bhutan’s weather varies from north to south and valley to valley, mainly depending upon the elevation. In the North of Bhutan on the borders with Tibet, it is perennially covered with snow. In the western, central and eastern Bhutan (Ha, Paro, Thimphu, Wandue, Trongsa, Bumthang, Trashi Yangtse, Lhuntse) will experience European-like weather..

Bhutan House

Southern Bhutan borders with India and is hot and humid with a sub-tropical climate. While the monsoon affects northern Indian it does not command the same influence in Bhutan. Summer months tend to be wetter with isolated showers predominately in the evenings only. Winter is by far the driest period while spring and autumn tend to be pleasant.

There are four distinct seasons similar in their divisions to those of Western Europe.. The average rainfall varies from region to region and taking an umbrella is highly recommended.


Foreign tourists arrive or depart from the international airport of Paro encircled by magnificent peaks as high as 18,000 ft. (5,500 m). Paro is considered one of the world’s most beautiful, and one of the world’s most challenging, airports.

Bhutan had three distinctive regions. Due to prominent north south mountain ranges that separate each area resulting in different topographical features. Western Bhutan is known for its stunning scenery with rice paddies and orchards cascading down magnificent mountains, the pristine rivers that flow through the main towns of Paro, Thimphu and Punakha, and unique two-story houses with brightly painted window designs.

The Black Mountains separate Western Bhutan from Central Bhutan, which is known for its buckwheat and apple production, its sturdy stone houses, and its plethora of monasteries. It’s the ideal place for walking due to its broad valleys and sloping mountains. The beauty of the Bumthang valley is legendary.

The Sengor Valley separates Central from Eastern Bhutan. In the East the forests dissipate and the altitude is lower. The warmer climate is suitable for growing corn, rice, wheat, potatoes and surprisingly lemon grass. Eastern Bhutan is known for its stunning hand-loomed textiles and the weavers are all masters of the supplementary weft-weave technique. Eastern Bhutan is the least travelled area of the country.

Although it is a relatively small country with maximum north-south distance of 170 km and maximum east-west distance of 300 km, the regional variations in climatic conditions within Bhutan are rather extreme, mainly due to the difference in altitude, which vary from approximately 100 meters above sea. In the Southern Foothills to 7,500 meters above sea. At the border to China in the Northern High Himalayas. Thus, while the southern Bhutan is generally hot and humid, the high Himalayan Mountains in the northern borders of the country experiences severe alpine climate and are under perpetual snow. However, the climate can vary considerably between the valleys and within the valleys depending on levels of altitude, and aspects. Rainfall, in particular, can differ considerably within relatively short distances due to rain shadow effects.

From past records the mean annual rainfall varies approximately from 2,500 to 5,500 mm in the southern foothills, from 1,000 to 2,500 mm in the inner valleys, and from 500 to 1,000 mm in the northern part of the country.



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