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Bhutan Culture

The Bhutanese believe the Lhopu (a small tribe in southwest Bhutan who speak a Tibeto-Burman language) to be the aboriginal inhabitants of the country, who were subsequently displaced by the arrival of Tibetans of Mongolian descent.

Ethnologically the Bhutanese society may be identified at various levels — the pre-Brugpa Mons, predominantly found in the eastern Bhutan, Ngalong of western Bhutan and Koch, Mech and descendants of the other communities from Duars in the high hills.

Bhutanese architecture is traditional with houses made of rammed earth dominating the landscape. The stonework and woodwork in the windows and rooftop is however intricate. Bhutanese architecture also includes fortress called dzong which are massive in size. Traditional cuisine of Bhutan mainly consists of rice, wheat maize and animal protein. Dairy product and beverages like tea and beer are also popular. Music is the lifeblood of Bhutanese life and both traditional and modern are enjoyed by the people.

Bhutan People

Popular folk genres include boedra and zhungdra. Bhutan is also known for its mask dances and dance dramas which are accompanied by traditional music. These are generally performed during religious festivals. One interesting fact about Bhutanese culture is that inheritance passes through the female line and after marriage the man is expected to build a house of his own, but in many cases the bridegroom moves into his wife’s home. The society is strongly matriarchal in this respect. Arranged marriage is still preferred though love marriages are gaining popularity, particularly in urban

Bhutan is the only country in the world to have adopted Mahayana Buddhism in its Tantric form as its official religion. The culture of Bhutan is deeply immersed in the traditions of Buddhism and Hinduism. Due to its remoteness and isolation, it has managed to preserve its unique culture and so is referred to as the last Shangri-La.

Bhutan is a deeply Buddhist land with over 75% of the population. The Drukpa Kagyu School of Mahayana Buddhism is the state religion of Bhutan and claims 70% of the population

The Bhutanese are an accepting and conservative people. In order to maintain their cultural heritage the Bhutanese are encouraged to wear traditional and distinctive clothing including children. The gho is worn by males and the kira is worn by females.

Archery is the National Sport, however this is aligned to their spirituality. It is not allowed to kill a bird for its feathers and arrows are made by suing feathers collected from the ground, and” jeer-leading” (or heckling your opponents) is fundamental to the game.

Government Rule combines politics and the soul and the Bhutanese are well educated fun loving and vibrant.

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